The Unbrokenstring Crew knew that it would only be a matter of time before gear submerged in Hurricane Harvey’s floods came onto the secondary market, be it CraigsList, OfferUp, or even as used gear at a national retail music chain that I will not name here, but go by the initials “Guitar Center.”.
But when we open the unit up and turn it over, we see rust. Some of the tan residue is rosin solder flux, which is OK. But at the very top of the picture is a black pit in the end of a socket pin, which has almost entirely rusted away and will require replacement. Most electrical component leads have a core of iron, which is then tin plated for solder-ability. If the tin is intact, water is not an issue. But how many component leads have literally rusted away? Has this unit been wet?
This is the component side of the circuit board that holds the power tube sockets. All this crusty solder flux tells me that the rosin is ‘activated’ with phosphorus, a Good Thing to make good solder joints, but a Bad Thing if it gets wet.
The preamp tube sockets show the same reaction with the phosphorus. This will all need to be cleaned and reworked. Some of these leads are completely hollow as the iron core has rusted away. It will be better to replace the sockets.
A complete overhaul and rebuild of this unit would be necessary to restore functionality and reliability. Most components should be replaced, including sockets and connectors. However, the customer purchased this amp because it was in his price range. The repair quotation was not in his price range.
If you are shopping for gear and see signs of water damage, such as loose Tolex, rusty hardware, or dried dirt where it shouldn’t be, you should consider having a tech go over the equipment to assess the condition and find potential reliability problems before you buy. Rusty transformer laminations are particularly troublesome, as the rust pierces the insulating coating between laminations and allows eddy currents to flow, potentially overheating the transformer. Transformers are expensive to replace.
Thanks for reading all the way to the end!
CONTACT – David Latchaw EE